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Relationships between fluid composition and rheology in ecologites from the eastern Alps


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/3478

Relationships between fluid composition and rheology in ecologites from the eastern Alps

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dc.contributor.author Selverstone, Jane
dc.date.accessioned 2007-10-29T07:23:40Z
dc.date.available 2007-10-29T07:23:40Z
dc.date.issued 2007-10-29T07:23:40Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/3478
dc.description Poster presented at 2006 Gordon Research Conference on Rock Deformation en
dc.description.abstract Finely banded, dolomite-rich mafic eclogites from the Tauern Window equilibrated at >2 GPa/600-650°C. Previous work (Selverstone et al. 1992; Getty & Selverstone, 1994) showed that: a(H2O) varied from ~0.2 to 0.9 across layers at peak pressure; δ18O of dolomite varied by up to 1.0 per mil between layers; δ18O data reflect modal abundance of dolomite, which also controlled a(H2O); and there is little to no change in a(H2O) or δ18O along layers, despite large changes across layers. These data indicate that the rocks acted as a closed system during high-P metamorphism, with little to no fluid communication across layers only mm to cm in thickness. This study evaluates the mechanical behavior of the eclogites as a function of fluid composition within individual layers. All layers show a single, well-developed foliation defined by elongate omp±czo±zoi±dol. Average matrix grain size varies from 40 to >200 microns, but shows no correlation with fluid composition. Garnet is abundant throughout and typically displays rounded, inclusion-rich cores with sub- to euhedral inclusion-free overgrowths. Garnets are subequant in layers with low a(H2O) and elongate (aspect ratios up to 1.6) in layers with high a(H2O). Garnets in layers with low a(H2O) were shattered into jagged, puzzle-like pieces at different stages during growth. Foliation-parallel omp±qtz fills spaces between gar fragments. It is likely that decarbonation reactions in these layers produced a nonwetting CO2-rich fluid that facilitated high-P cataclasis. Mode I cracks oriented at 70° to the foliation are abundant in layers with a(H2O)≥0.6 but are absent in layers with lower a(H2O). Gar and czo zoning in these layers indicates strain accommodation via dissolution/reprecipitation creep prior to cracking. High a(H2O) facilitated solution creep and growth of grains with high aspect ratio. These elongate inclusions were subsequently favored for brittle failure during ongoing ductile deformation of surrounding layers (Mandal et al., 2001; Ji & Zhao, 1993). The mode of ductile strain accommodation thus preconditioned certain layers to localize later brittle deformation. This study highlights the role that fluid composition plays in controlling rheology during high-P metamorphism. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science Foundation EAR-0509937 en
dc.format.extent 22241351 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject rheology en_US
dc.subject fracturing en_US
dc.subject dissolution-precipitation creep en_US
dc.title Relationships between fluid composition and rheology in ecologites from the eastern Alps en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US

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