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Laboratory investigation of fatigue endurance limits in asphalt concrete


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20805

Laboratory investigation of fatigue endurance limits in asphalt concrete

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Title: Laboratory investigation of fatigue endurance limits in asphalt concrete
Author: Bateman, Damien
Advisor(s): Tarefder, Rafiqul
Committee Member(s): Stormont, John
Maji, Arup
Ng, Percy
Shen, Yu-Lin
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Civil Engineering
Subject: Fatigue endurance limit, asphalt concrete
LC Subject(s): Pavements, Asphalt concrete--Fatigue.
Asphalt concrete--Fatigue.
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: It is believed that Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) mixtures used in long-lasting pavements contain a threshold of strain value below which no fatigue damage occurs. This concept is known as the fatigue endurance limit (FEL). Although previous studies have shown that an endurance limit does exist for HMA mixtures, an established value is yet to be determined, with values varying from 70-400 microstrain (με) based on mixture variability. Traditional FEL vii identification is based on the phenomenological approach, which relates the number of loading cycles to fatigue failure with applied tensile strain and initial stiffness of material. This study determined the FEL of two HMA mixtures, SP-II (coarse mix) and SP-III (fine mix), using the phenomenological approach as well as a fundamental energy based approach, the dissipated energy concept. Results show that the dissipated energy approach estimates higher FEL values for both mix types than those estimated using the phenomenological approach. The FEL values for the SP-II and SP-III mixtures are estimated to be approximately 200 and 300 με respectively. Furthermore, laboratory fatigue failure criterion is defined as the number of loading cycles at which the stiffness of a material reduces by 50%. This study evaluated stiffness-based failure criteria for laboratory fatigue testing using the viscoelastic continuum damage mechanics (VCDM) approach. Results show that fatigue failure criterion of the VCDM approach correlates well with the stiffness-based fatigue failure criterion. In addition, the effect of polymer-modified binder on the FEL of HMA materials is investigated. The addition of modified binder to the SP-II mixture reduced the estimated FEL by 27%. On the other hand, the addition of modified binder to the SP-III mixture improved its estimated FEL value by 30%.
Graduation Date: May 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20805

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