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State-Perpetrated Wartime Sexual Violence in Latin America


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20221

State-Perpetrated Wartime Sexual Violence in Latin America

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dc.contributor.author Leiby, Michele
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-26T21:59:34Z
dc.date.available 2014-05-14T10:00:08Z
dc.date.issued 2012-03-26
dc.date.submitted July 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20221
dc.description.abstract This dissertation examines the patterns and motives of state-perpetrated wartime sexual violence in Peru and El Salvador. Using a new database on sexual and other forms of political violence, it documents the prevalence and the patterns of perpetration of violence. It seeks to determine whose interests motivate the commission of sexual violence in times of war and why state armed forces commit more sexual violence in some regions and at particular moments during civil war than in others. The dissertation provides a theory of sexual violence perpetrated by state militaries during counterinsurgency conflicts. It argues that sexual violence is a deliberate act of violence perpetrated to advance the politico-military goals of the state. The results of a sub-national statistical analysis show that state-perpetrated sexual violence is most at times and in locations where rebel activity presents a threat to state power but where the rebels have not yet reached dominance. State-perpetrated sexual violence is infrequent in areas where the state retains control as well as in areas where there is a preponderance of rebel power such that the state cannot engage in counterinsurgency operations without risking a significant loss of life. Additional explanatory power is drawn from an analysis of the micro-patterns of state sexual violence and other forms of political violence in Peru and El Salvador. Victims of sexual violence are more likely to be educated women from urban centers who are socially or politically active in their communities. In addition, sexual violence is more likely to be perpetrated in private spaces and in state-run detention centers when commanding officers are present than other forms of political violence. Within the state armed forces, the army and police are more likely to engage in these forms of violence than other sectors of the security apparatus. Paramilitary groups and death squads are less likely to engage in sexual violence than they are to perpetrate other forms of violence, particularly lethal violence. The preponderance of evidence presented in the dissertation demonstrates that sexual violence is often an instrumental weapon of war wielded to defeat armed and unarmed opponents to the state. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject sexual violence en_US
dc.subject human rights en_US
dc.subject civil war en_US
dc.subject Latin America en_US
dc.subject Political violence--Peru en_US
dc.subject Political violence--El Salvador en_US
dc.subject State-sponsored terrorism--Peru en_US
dc.subject State-sponsored terrorism--El Salvador en_US
dc.subject Sex crimes--Peru en_US
dc.subject Sex crimes--El Salvador en_US
dc.subject Human rights--Peru en_US
dc.subject Human rights--El Salvador en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Political violence--Peru
dc.subject.lcsh Political violence--El Salvador
dc.subject.lcsh State-sponsored terrorism--Peru
dc.subject.lcsh State-sponsored terrorism--El Salvador
dc.subject.lcsh Sex crimes--Peru
dc.subject.lcsh Sex crimes--El Salvador
dc.subject.lcsh Human rights--Peru
dc.subject.lcsh Human rights--El Salvador
dc.title State-Perpetrated Wartime Sexual Violence in Latin America en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Political Science en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department University of New Mexico. Dept. of Political Science en_US
dc.description.advisor Stanley, William
dc.description.advisor Butler, Christopher
dc.description.committee-member Hochstetler, Kathryn
dc.description.committee-member Wood, Elisabeth
emb.embargo.terms 2014-05-14

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