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New generation fiber reinforced polymer composites incorporating carbon nanotubes


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17505

New generation fiber reinforced polymer composites incorporating carbon nanotubes

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Title: New generation fiber reinforced polymer composites incorporating carbon nanotubes
Author: Soliman, Eslam
Advisor(s): Taha, Mahmoud Reda
Committee Member(s): Maji, Arup
Shen, Yu Lin
Al-Haik, Marwan
Murphey, Thomas
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Civil Engineering
Subject: Carbon Nanotubes, FRP Composites, Nano-Technology, Impact, Creep, Fracture Toughness
LC Subject(s): Carbon fiber-reinforced plastics.
Nanocomposites (Materials)
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: The last five decades observed an increasing use of fiber reinforced polymer(FRP) composites as alternative construction materials for aerospace and infrastructure. The high specific strength of FRP attracted its use as non-corrosive reinforcement. However, FRP materials were characterized with a relatively low ductility and low shear strength compared with steel reinforcement. On the other hand, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been introduced in the last decade as a material with minimal defect that is capable of increasing the mechanical properties of polymer matrices. This dissertation reports experimental investigations on the use of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to produce a new generation of FRP composites. The experiments showed significant improvements in the flexure properties of the nanocomposite when functionalized MWCNTs were used. In addition, MWCNTs were used to produce FRP composites in order to examine static, dynamic, and creep behavior. The MWCNTs improved the off-axis tension, off-axis flexure, FRP lap shear joint responses. In addition, they reduced the creep of FRP-concrete interface, enhanced the fracture toughness, and altered the impact resistance significantly. In general, the MWCNTs are found to affect the behavior of the FRP composites when matrix failure dominates the behavior. The improvement in the mechanical response with the addition of low contents of MWCNTs would benefit many industrial and military applications such as strengthening structures using FRP composites, composite pipelines, aircrafts,and armored vehicles.
Graduation Date: December 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17505

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