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Estudio sociolinguistico de la marca diferencial de objeto directo (DOM) en dos variedades del espanol contemporaneo

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17465

Estudio sociolinguistico de la marca diferencial de objeto directo (DOM) en dos variedades del espanol contemporaneo

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Title: Estudio sociolinguistico de la marca diferencial de objeto directo (DOM) en dos variedades del espanol contemporaneo
Author: Balasch Rodriguez, Sonia
Advisor(s): Travis, Catherine E.
Committee Member(s): Axelrod, Melissa
Torres Cacoullos, Rena
Clements, Joseph Clancy
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Spanish and Portuguese
Subject(s): Syntactic variation
Differential Object Marking in Spanish
Sociolinguistics
Variationist analysis
Spanish from Venezuela
Spanish from Spain
Linguistic and social patterns
LC Subject(s): Spanish languaage--Spain--Madrid
Spanish language--Venezuela--Merida
Sociolinguistics--Spain--Madrid
Sociolinguistics--Venezuela--Merida
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: This sociolinguistic-variationist investigation sheds light on two little-studied issues concerning Spanish DOM, or variable use of a before animate direct objects (DOs), in vernacular language: the complex interaction of co-occurring linguistic (type of verb; definiteness, specificity, grammatical number, topicality, type and syntactic position of DO) and social (speakers’ age, gender and occupation) features. The statistical analysis of over 1000 tokens of oral Spanish of Mérida, Venezuela, and Madrid, Spain, indicates that although a+OD is used more in Madrid (61% vs. 46%), both varieties show markedly parallel linguistic conditioning: the lexical effect of certain verbs (tener, ver, conocer, among others), as well as definite DOs, among others factors, favor the use of a+DO in Mérida and in Madrid. One important difference is that anaphoric/cataphoric coreference has divergent effects in these Spanish varieties. In terms of the social distribution, multivariate analysis of social conditioning of a+DO in the Spanish of Mérida reveals relative homogeneity within the community, with a small but measurable effect of occupation, and a historically meaningful increase of the presence of a marking among the speakers between the ages of 30-45 years old. Despite significant differences in distribution, the overall patterns are the same, demonstrating the need to look beyond rates to patterns of occurrence.
Graduation Date: December 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17465

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