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The chlorine isotope composition of chondrites : evidence for a single nebular reservoir and the effects of secondary processes on chondrite parent bodies

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17444

The chlorine isotope composition of chondrites : evidence for a single nebular reservoir and the effects of secondary processes on chondrite parent bodies

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Title: The chlorine isotope composition of chondrites : evidence for a single nebular reservoir and the effects of secondary processes on chondrite parent bodies
Author: Mumphrey, Jessica
Advisor(s): Sharp, Zachary
Committee Member(s): Jones, Rhian
Brearley, Adrian
Shearer, Charles
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Subject(s): chlorine isotope, chondrite, solar nebula
LC Subject(s): Chondrites (Meteorites)--Analysis.
Chlorine--Isotopes.
Nebular hypothesis
Degree Level: Masters
Abstract: The chlorine isotope composition of chondrites provides information about isotopic reservoirs that were present in the solar nebula and the effect of secondary processes on the isotopic composition. We analyzed twenty chondrites that included both unaltered (type 3) and altered (types 1-2, 4-6) chondrites from the carbonaceous, ordinary, and enstatite classes. Petrologic type 3 chondrites are the least equilibrated and are those most likely to retain primary nebular signatures. By analyzing unaltered, pristine, chondrites from each class, we can determine if chlorine isotope variations existed among the classes and thus if multiple isotopic reservoirs existed. Since chlorine behaves as a hydrophile and volatile element, analyses of aqueously altered (types 1-2) and metamorphosed (types 4-6) chondrites provide insight into effects of secondary processes on the chlorine isotope composition. Type 3 chondrites have similar δ37Cl values that average -0.3± 0.4‰. This value is indistinguishable from the δ37Cl values of the bulk Earth, lowest measured value of the Moon, and the average of martian meteorite samples from the literature. From this similarity, we conclude that the inner regions of the solar nebula had a homogeneous chlorine isotope reservoir. For samples that have undergone secondary processing, we observe slight variations from -2.1 to 1.0‰ for metamorphosed samples (average -0.3‰) and -2.0 to 2.7‰ for aqueously altered samples (average 0.7‰). We conclude that these processes were not significant in fractionating the chlorine isotopes.
Graduation Date: December 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17444

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