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Immigration Discourses in the U.S. and in Japan


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13176

Immigration Discourses in the U.S. and in Japan

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dc.contributor.author Torigoe, Chie
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-31T16:33:43Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-31T16:33:43Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-31
dc.date.submitted July 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13176
dc.description.abstract The primary purpose of this study was to investigate how systems of racial inequality and dominance produced at macro-institutional level discourses are reproduced and/or challenged in micro-interpersonal everyday discourses regarding immigration/foreign workers in the U.S. and in Japan. To establish a link between the discourses at these two levels, I employed a combination of critical and interpretive theoretical perspectives, and analyzed how racial ideologies were reproduced and/or challenged through participants’ use of various interpretative repertoires (i.e., discursive themes and specific rhetorical moves therein) and positioning of self and Others. Interpretative repertoires and discursive positioning of self and Others are major analytical frameworks of discursive psychology that were developed by Wetherell and Potter (1992), and I employed their discursive psychological analysis as the methodology for this study. The present study included 14 pairs of self-identified white Americans in the U.S. and 17 pairs of self-identified Japanese in Japan. I provided each pair with a discussion guide and asked the participants to record their 30-60 min long private conversations regarding immigration/foreign worker issues using the discussion guide that I provided. The analysis of the participants’ interpersonal discourses demonstrated the existence and significance of the dialectical relationship between macro and micro level discourses regarding racial ideologies. In addition, the juxtaposition of discourses of countries with different historical and sociopolitical contexts indicated the importance of taking historical and sociopolitical contexts into account to understand the process of reproducing systems of inequalities and dominance. Although similar discursive patterns were recognized, such as erasure of race and positioning of positive-self and negative-Others, the analysis showed that different backgrounds provide unique kinds of interpretative repertoires as resources to maintain and/or challenge dominant racial ideologies. The present results imply that successive studies on racialized discourses about immigration/foreign workers in the U.S. and Japan are necessary. Given the rapidly changing immigration policies and racial dynamics in the U.S. and Japan, it is important to track the reproduction of systemic racism and changes over time. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject immigration discourse en_US
dc.subject racism en_US
dc.subject U.S. en_US
dc.subject Japan en_US
dc.subject discursive psychology en_US
dc.subject positioning en_US
dc.subject racialized social system en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Racism--United States--Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Racism--Japan--Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Race discrimination--United States--Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Race discriminatin--United States--Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Discursive psychology
dc.subject.lcsh Emigration and immigration--Social aspects
dc.title Immigration Discourses in the U.S. and in Japan en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Communication en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department University of New Mexico. Dept. of Communication and Journalism en_US
dc.description.advisor Collier, Mary Jane
dc.description.committee-member Oetzel, John
dc.description.committee-member Rodriguez, Ilia
dc.description.committee-member Allen, Ricky Lee

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