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The unique properties of self-objectification and social and individual influences on its expression

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13144

The unique properties of self-objectification and social and individual influences on its expression

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dc.contributor.author Gianini, Loren
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-31T15:35:22Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-31T15:35:22Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-31
dc.date.submitted July 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13144
dc.description.abstract Objectification Theory suggests that women are frequently viewed largely as sexualized objects, whether it occurs in interpersonal interactions or in media images. One major consequence of routine exposure to this pervasive objectification of women’s bodies by others is that girls and women internalize this outsider’s view of themselves and engage in self-objectification. One purpose of the two following studies was to differentiate self-objectification from other, similar constructs which included public selfconsciousness, self-monitoring, and social anxiety. A second purpose was to elucidate factors that predict heightened self-objectification, including teasing, the influence of family and peers, and the influence of the media. Two hundred and two undergraduate women completed questionnaire data as part of Study One, and 204 undergraduate women completed questionnaire data as part of Study Two. Results of Study One revealed that measures of self-objectification predicted body shame better than seemingly similar variables measuring public self-consciousness, social phobia, and self-monitoring in the context of multiple linear regressions. Path analyses conducted as part of Study Two revealed that media influence directly predicted self-objectification, which in turn predicted body image disturbance and disordered eating. Teasing and the influence of family and friends predicted self-objectification; however, self-objectification did not mediate the relationship between these variables and body image disturbance and disordered eating. Instead, teasing and the influence of family and friends directly predicted body image disturbance and disordered eating independently of their relationships with self-objectification. Results revealed that self-objectification is a distinct construct related to body image disturbance and eating pathology which is predicted by family, peer, and media influence, as well as teasing. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject body image en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Body image in women.
dc.subject.lcsh Self-perception in women.
dc.subject.lcsh Body image disturbance.
dc.subject.lcsh Eating disorders.
dc.title The unique properties of self-objectification and social and individual influences on its expression en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Psychology en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department University of New Mexico. Dept. of Psychology en_US
dc.description.advisor Smith, Jane Ellen
dc.description.committee-member Bryan, Angela
dc.description.committee-member Erickson, Sarah
dc.description.committee-member Yager, Joel


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