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dc.contributor.authorBlansett, Kent
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-19T20:45:25Z
dc.date.issued2011-08-19
dc.date.submittedMay 2011
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1928/13002
dc.description.abstract“A Journey to Freedom: The Life of Richard Oakes 1942-1972,” is the story of Indigenous leader and activist Richard Oakes, and focuses on the climax of the national movement toward Native self-determination and freedom. “A Journey to Freedom” investigates the intersections of place, space, identity, and socio/political coalitions within the Red Power movement. Oakes’ leadership was influential in the Alcatraz (1969) and Fort Lawton (1970) takeovers, as well as Pit River’s resistance to PG&E Corporation’s illegal land use. Each successive takeover pushed for land rights, treaty rights, and the development of ecological centers that forged links between reservation and urban spaces. Oakes’ political activism also influenced other organizations such as the Black Panthers, Brown Berets, Atzlan, and the national environmental movement. The assassination of Richard Oakes led to the Trail of Broken Treaties march on Washington D.C. and ultimately resulted in the passage of federal self-determination legislation. I use two theoretical models to construct an “alternative” twentieth-century history: what I define as “Intertribalism” and the advent of an “Indian City.” While the term “Pan-Indian” implies the Ethnic-American destruction of Tribal identity, Intertribalism emphasizes the study of coalitions between Tribes. Native history, within this context, is transnational history. Intertribalism, I argue, emerged as a central force of American Indian Nationalism. Intertribalism is also connected to Indian Cities. Unlike traditional ethnic neighborhoods, these cities were comprised of institutions (Indian Centers, Indian bars, health centers, businesses, churches, and a host of others) that politicized a highly migrant and dispersed urban population. “A Journey to Freedom” is the first urban comparative study to examine the construct of Indian Cities within New York, San Francisco, and Seattle. Oakes’ unique life provides an alternative narrative to previous scholarship that placed the American Indian Movement as the lone icon of Red Power. My dissertation counters this representation by emphasizing the multiple roles of community, ideology, identity, and nationalism. “A Journey to Freedom,” moves beyond an examination of contemporary Native leadership, and exposes the deep and diverse foundations of the larger Red Power movement that informs contemporary definitions of Native politics and sovereignty.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectRed Poweren_US
dc.subjectAlcatrazen_US
dc.subjectSan Franciscoen_US
dc.subjectSeattleen_US
dc.subjectNew Yorken_US
dc.subjectAkwesasneen_US
dc.subjectUrban Indianen_US
dc.subjectNative Nationalismen_US
dc.subjectIntertribalismen_US
dc.subjectRichard Oakesen_US
dc.subjectFort Lawtonen_US
dc.subjectPit Riveren_US
dc.subjectIndians of All Tribesen_US
dc.subject.lcshOakes, Richard, 1942-1972
dc.subject.lcshMohawk Indians--Biography
dc.subject.lcshAmerican Indian Movement--History
dc.subject.lcshAlcatraz Island (Calif.)--History--Indian Occupation, 1969-1971
dc.titleA Journey to Freedom: The Life of Richard Oakes, 1942-1972en_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.description.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.description.departmentUniversity of New Mexico. Dept. of Historyen_US
dc.description.advisorConnell-Szasz, Margaret
dc.description.committee-memberConnell-Szasz, Margaret
dc.description.committee-memberHutton, Paul
dc.description.committee-memberCahill, Cathleen
dc.description.committee-memberFarber, David
emb.embargo.terms2017-05-14
emb.embargo.lift2017-05-14


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