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Figuration & Frequency: A Usage-Based Approach to Metaphor


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/10908

Figuration & Frequency: A Usage-Based Approach to Metaphor

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dc.contributor.author Sanford, Daniel
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-28T22:45:40Z
dc.date.available 2010-06-28T22:45:40Z
dc.date.issued 2010-06-28T22:45:40Z
dc.date.submitted May 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/10908
dc.description.abstract Two of the major claims of the cognitivist approach to metaphor, the paradigm which has emerged as dominant over the last three decades, are 1) that metaphor is a conceptual, rather than strictly linguistic, phenomenon, and 2) that metaphor exemplifies processes which are at work in cognition more generally. This view of metaphor is here placed within the context of the functionalist approach to language, which asserts that linguistic structure is emergent in nature, the use of language directly influencing the storage and representation thereof. The dissertation argues that metaphors, as conventionalized cognitive structures, are themselves highly influenced by frequency effects, and that metaphorical cross-domain mappings exist in the mind as conceptual schemata. Two corpus-based methods for assessing the frequency of overall metaphorical mappings are presented, both based on the use of key terms, attained using a survey method, for metaphorical source domains. These findings inform the hypotheses of a series of three experiments which test three key predictions of the view that metaphors are affected by frequency: that frequent metaphors should be more productive, accessible, and acceptable than infrequent ones. Both the corpus and experimental approaches, as well as data from previous research on metaphor at varying levels of conventionalization, support the view that metaphors are a usage-based phenomenon. The properties of various types of metaphorical utterances (e.g., idioms and novel metaphors) are best accounted for as arising from the interaction of the conceptual schemata that license cross-domain mappings, and syntactic schemata that link meanings to syntactic templates. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject metaphor en_US
dc.subject idiom en_US
dc.subject functional en_US
dc.subject usage-based en_US
dc.subject frequency en_US
dc.subject exemplar en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Metaphor
dc.subject.lcsh Cognitive grammar
dc.subject.lcsh Functionalism (Linguistics)
dc.subject.lcsh Idioms
dc.title Figuration & Frequency: A Usage-Based Approach to Metaphor en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Linguistics en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department University of New Mexico. Dept. of Linguistics en_US
dc.description.advisor Travis, Catherine
dc.description.committee-member Bybee, Joan
dc.description.committee-member Cameron, Lynne
dc.description.committee-member Croft, William
dc.description.committee-member Morford, Jill

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