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Transnational Advocacy and Labor Rights Conditionality in the International Trading Order


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/10329

Transnational Advocacy and Labor Rights Conditionality in the International Trading Order

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Title: Transnational Advocacy and Labor Rights Conditionality in the International Trading Order
Author: Nolan Garcia, Kimberly
Advisor(s): Peceny, Mark
Roberts, Kenneth M.
Committee Member(s): Schrank, Andrew
Hochstetler, Kathryn
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Political Science
Subject: Transnational Advocacy
labor rights
international trade
LC Subject(s): Foreign trade and employment--Mexico
Employee rights--Mexico
Abuse of rights--Mexico
Free trade--Mexico
Labor policy--Mexico
Canada--Treaties, etc.--1992 Oct. 7
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: This dissertation examines whether the incorporation of labor rights provisions into trade agreements promotes labor rights enforcement in developing countries. It draws on the international relations literature on transnational advocacy as the starting point to ask how labor’s allies engage the trade mechanisms as potential tools for promoting labor rights in supranational arenas. Using original data, field observation, primary documents and interviews with key participants, I examine how transnational labor rights advocates have engaged these institutions through a research design that pairs quantitative analysis of the NAFTA labor side agreement, with qualitative examination of a number of the NAFTA cases and a set of labor violations cases in Puebla, Mexico. The empirical chapters discuss the ways that transnational labor rights advocates engage the labor rights enforcement mechanism as they attempt to secure a review of their petitions from the quasi-judicial bodies charged with investigating labor rights compliance. Transnational support has led to outcomes for labor that include firm-level redress of labor rights violations and institutional changes within Mexico. The implication for this work is that where labor clauses have had an effect on labor rights practices within states, it has been at the intersection of transnational civil society and international institutions. The research suggests that the process of engaging the petitions mechanism can persuade or coerce states into enforcing labor rights commitments, and emphasizes that transnational advocacy provides a crucial element to realizing labor rights enforcement where domestic efforts are weak.
Graduation Date: December 2009
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/10329

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