Now showing items 2965-2984 of 26225

  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0004. 

    Herbert Knup
    São Bento church in Olinda (PE), near Recife. An affluent society was created by sugarcane wealth and rich landowners built lavish mansions and churches in the region.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0005. 

    Herbert Knup
    Sugarcane engenho on Itamaracá island (PE). As sugar lost its importance, the region fell into decay and the industrial revolution of the 19th and 20th century shifted all economic and politicaI power to the booming cities ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0006. 

    Herbert Knup
    Fields and plantations in the agreste zone near Caruaru (PE). Between the zona-damata and the sertão is a thin transitional c1imatic and vegetational zone called the agreste, not more than 180 km wide.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0007. 

    Herbert Knup
    A basket with peeled manioc. Agricultural activities in the agreste inc1uded the cultivation of numerous subsistence crops, especially manioc, cotton, corn and beans. These crops supplied the sugarcane estates with most ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0008. 

    Herbert Knup
    Children of mixed ethnic origins sifting manioc flour. The labor intensive sugar economy that was established in the zona-da-mata and agreste in the Northeast was dependent on massive infusions of African slave labor.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0009. 

    Herbert Knup
    Small boat on the São Francisco river. There are few rivers in the arid Northeast which is dominated by the sertão, covering nearly 65 % of this region and extending as far north as Piauí and south into northern Minas ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0010. 

    Herbert Knup
    Zebu (a Brahma subspecies imported from India during the colonial period and interbreeded) caule herd being tended by a cowboy (vaqueiro) at sunset near Milagres (BA). ln order to supply the coastal sugar estates, urban ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0011. 

    Herbert Knup
    View of Juazeiro (BA) and São Francisco river. The largest cattle herds developed in the best watered areas, especially in Bahia and Pernambuco along the São Francisco river, and later in Piauí and Maranhão. Larger cities ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0012. 

    Herbert Knup
    The sertão is characterized by the caatinga or brushwood zone, where sparse vegetation exists such as here near Cícero Dantas (BA).
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0013. 

    Herbert Knup
    The topology of the sertão inc1udes a number of chapadas (broad and flat uplands or table mountains) such as the region around Juazeiro do Norte (CE). While most of the year the vegetation of the sertão is brown and dry, ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0014. 

    Herbert Knup
    Carnaúba palm trees growing in the water in the interior of the state of Paraíba. These trees are characteristic of the sertão and produce a wax which is used to produce candles, various kinds of polishes, and has numerous ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0015. 

    Herbert Knup
    Carnaúba palm trees near Pombal (PB). Brazil has more palm species than any other country in the world and trees like the the carnaúba manage to survive in extreme arid areas.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0016. 

    Herbert Knup
    Rice and sugarcane fields in the Cariri valley near Juazeiro do Norte (CE). Rivers like the Cariri have bored fertile valleys through the sertão, and given adverse c1imatic conditions in the rest of the region, these areas ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0017. 

    Herbert Knup
    Dry brown caatinga vegetation of the sertão near Milagres (BA). The sertão lies in the so-called polígono das secas (polygon of drought).
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0018. 

    Herbert Knup
    The caatinga vegetation is characterized by numerous cactii species, thomy bushes and short twisted trees with deep roots (which lose their leaves during the dry season).
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0019. 

    Herbert Knup
    Certain cactii like these are used as cattle feed during extreme drought periods.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0020. 

    Herbert Knup
    With colorful names like xique-xique and mandacaru, the cactii thriving in the sertão manage to grow in the most inhospitable and arid locations such as these growing out of cracked rock.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0021. 

    Herbert Knup
    During brief periods of rain the sertão quickly blooms and the barren land tums green.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0022. 

    Herbert Knup
    A mud hut during the drought period in the interior of Ceará. Annual rainfall in this semi-arid hinterland area is seldom higher than 850 mm and it rains irregularly, but almost never during the dry season which spans from ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sertao, Slide No. 0023. 

    Herbert Knup
    Washing clothes near a receding river in the interior of Paraíba. During the drought periods the rivers recede rapidly and in many areas even completely dry up.