Now showing items 2855-2874 of 26037

  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0003. 

    Herbert Knup
    The island of Ilha da Maré along the coast of the state of Bahia in northeastern Brazil. The Portuguese colonists that landed in this region in 1500 largely neglected to explore the new continent, distracted by their ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0004. 

    Herbert Knup
    A pau-brasil (brazilwood) tree. The French challenged Portugal's hegemony in the region exploiting this native red wood that was abundant along the Brazilian coast and was the source of a red dye in demand in textile ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0005. 

    Herbert Knup
    Sugarcane plantation in the state of Pernambuco in northeastern Brazil. The Portuguese colonists quickly realized the enormous agricultural potential of the narrow coastal region and brazilwood exports were quickly replaced ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0006. 

    Herbert Knup
    A sugarcane engenho with the chapel and partial view of the casa grande (mansion or main house) in Igaraçu, Pernambuco. Engenhos were usually located close to urban centers and although the agricultural estates the dominated ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0007. 

    Herbert Knup
    A black woman roasting coffee beans. The enormous wealth and prosperity of the engenhos were dependent on massive infusions of slave labor. The number of engenhos multiplied with increased European demand for sugar and ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0008. 

    Herbert Knup
    The courtyard of Santo Antonio church in Recife, Pernambuco. Lavish churches, mansions and public buildings were built in Brazil during the sugar cycle. Landowners imported the finest products from Europe and the Far East, ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0009. 

    Herbert Knup
    Zebu cattle (a Brahma subspieces imported from India during the colonial period and interbreed) grazing in the arid sertão or hinterland in the Northeast. In order to supply the coastal sugar states, urban centers and later ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0010. 

    Herbert Knup
    The Serra dos Órgãos near the city of Rio de Janeiro forms part of the Serra do Mar mountain range, which runs parallel to the coast in most of the Southeast. This range and the Serra da Mantiqueira and do Espinhaqo, served ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0011. 

    Herbert Knup
    View of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais with the church of Nossa Senhora do Carmo on the hilltop. After years of frustration, gold and precious stones were found by the late Seventeenth century in the region that became known as ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0012. 

    Herbert Knup
    Statues of the biblical prophets in the courtyard of the church of Senhor Bom Jesus do Matozinhos in Congonhas, Minas Gerais, carved by the Brazilian baroque master, Antônio Francisco de Lisboa or Aleijadinho (the Little ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0013. 

    Herbert Knup
    Mature coffee trees on one of the many plantations in southeastern Brazil. With the decline of mining at the end of the Eighteenth century, discouraged settlers moved to other areas in southern Minas Gerais and in the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0014. 

    Herbert Knup
    Photographs of a Nineteenth century coffee plantation family. Coffee was initially planted in Rio de Janeiro and southern Minas Gerais, especially in the Paraiba river valley, and depended on slave labor. When the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0015. 

    Herbert Knup
    Coffee beans ripening. The state of Sao Paulo's fertile terra roxa (red earth; derived from weathering of diabase or basic igneous rock) proved ideal for coffee because of its porosity and mineral content. Bringing the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0016. 

    Herbert Knup
    Once the coffee beans are ripe they are handpicked and sifted as this woman is doing.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0017. 

    Herbert Knup
    The coffee beans are then washed and left to dry in the sun before they are further dried and have their outer shell removed by machine. On this plantation in southern Minas Gerais, the beans are taken from clay court (in ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0018. 

    Herbert Knup
    Roasting coffee beans by hand over a wooden stove. Today this process is undertaken in large industrial factories where once the beans are roasted they are packaged or in some cases ground.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0019. 

    Herbert Knup
    Drinking a cafezinho (a small cup of strong coffee) is a daily must for most Brazilians, who often do not restrict themselves to just one serving.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0020. 

    Herbert Knup
    A Nineteenth century train still running from Sao João del Rei to Tiradentes, two towns in Minas Gerais. By the late Nineteenth and into the Twentieth century, coffee plantations spread to northern and western Sao Paulo ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0021. 

    Herbert Knup
    An industrial area in the northern district of the city of Sao Paulo. To protect themselves against the fluctuation of the price of coffee, the Paulista coffee barons invested in manufacturing.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0022. 

    Herbert Knup
    A Mannesmann steel mill in Minas Gerais. The coffee boom of the early Twentieth century provided the Brazilian government with the necessary resources to take advantage of its vast natural resources and begin to industrialize, ...