Now showing items 2067-2086 of 26080

  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0005. 

    Herbert Knup
    Fort Orange, located near Olinda (Pernambuco), was built by the Dutch in 1630. Given the vulnerability of its extensive coastline, Brazil continued to be attacked during the early colonial period. The French occupied the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0006. 

    Herbert Knup
    The entrance to Guanabara Bay, leading to the cities of Niterói and Rio de Janeiro, is flanked by forts, such as São João. Portugal established numerous forts along the coast to protect its colony, as far north as the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0007. 

    Herbert Knup
    View of Ouro Preto, former Vila Rica (Minas Gerais). After generations of frustration, gold and precious stones were found in the late Seventeenth century in the region that became known as Minas Gerais. This discovery had ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0008. 

    Herbert Knup
    View of downtown Rio de Janeiro and Guanabara Bay. Gold mining was based on slave labor and was closely controlled by the Portuguese authorities. The colony's capital was shifted in 1763 to the port of Rio de Janeiro to ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0009. 

    Herbert Knup
    Richly adorned gold altar in Tiradentes (Minas Gerais). The mining wealth of Minas Gerais permitted the growth of a sophisticated urban society which built sumptuous rococo mansions, churches and convents in new towns in ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0010. 

    Herbert Knup
    painting of Dom Pedro II, second emperor of Brazil. When Napoleon conquered Portugal in 1807, King João VI fled to Brazil, making the colony the seat of the Portuguese government until 1821. Brazil prospered greatly during ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0011. 

    Herbert Knup
    Freshly picked coffee beans. The reign of Pedro II (18401889) is considered by many to be the Golden Age of Brazi lian poli ticaI hist ory. During this time the cu1tivation of coffee in the Southeast (especial1y in the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0012. 

    Herbert Knup
    Coffee plantation casarão (big house) in southern Minas Gerais. Coff ee was labor intensive and when the slavery economy went into crisis in the mid-Nineteenth century, planters, with Dom Pedro/s approval, encourag ed ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0013. 

    Herbert Knup
    Steel furnace in São Paulo. Coffee remained the mainstay of the Brazi lian econ omy until the early 19 60s, but the industrial revolution began in the late Nineteenth century, centered around the city of São Paulo. ln 1890, ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0014. 

    Herbert Knup
    View of downtown São Paulo from the Santana district. The growing economic strength of the state of São Paulo, as a result of the coffee boom and industrialization, was also reflected in the politicaI scene. until 1930, ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0015. 

    Herbert Knup
    The Laranjeiras Palace in Rio de Janeiro, still used by the state governor, was built during the early Republican era, when Rio de Janeiro still was the capital of Brazil. When the global crisis of 1929 sent coffee prices ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0016. 

    Herbert Knup
    The National Congress building in Brasília decorated for the convention of the PMDB during the 1990 presid ential campaign. When Juscelino Kubitschek became president in 1956, his motto was "fifty years of progress in ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0017. 

    Herbert Knup
    Military police in charge of controlling a politicaI demonstration in Brasília during the 1990 presidential campaign. The Twentieth century has been dominated by authoritarian governments. After almost 20 years of civilian ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0018. 

    Herbert Knup
    Sprayed lettering for the 1982 campaign of a local city councilor in the city of Curitiba (Paraná). Pressured by unfavorable economic conditions, the military goverment slowly began to grant pOliticaI freedom in the early ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0019. 

    Herbert Knup
    Mural in Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais) used as part of the politicaI campaign in favor of the diretas (direct elections) for the 1985 presidential elections.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0020. 

    Herbert Knup
    Popular demonstration in Brasília. Crowds of Brazilians in the early 1980s took to the streets to show their disapproval of the military regime. Diretas were held for Congress and the state governments, but the president ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0021. 

    Herbert Knup
    Politic aI posters of the PDT and PCB party in Brasília. Socialist parties like the PDT or the PCB communist party were illegal during the military regime, but press censorship was revoked and politicaI freedoms were fully ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0022. 

    Herbert Knup
    PoliticaI poster s for the presidency campaign of a major labor union in Maringá (Paraná). Strengthened by Vargas, who used them to generate politicaI support, labor unions are still influential in Brazil, especially in ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0023. 

    Herbert Knup
    A wall sprayed by the PT worker's party demanding the right to vote for president. This wish was granted in 1990, when the first presidential elections since 1960 were held.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Brasilia, Slide No. 0024. 

    Herbert Knup
    Speaker addressing the first socialist congress held in 1988 by the PDT (party of populist politician Leonel Brizola) in Brasília. Brazil today has numerous politicaI parties, but most of them are mere alliances of politicaI ...