Franco AS. Violencia, ciudadanía y salud. [Violence, citizenship, and health.] Cuadernos Médico Sociales [Medico-Social Notebooks] ( Rosario , Argentina ) 1995; 71:23-53.
Objectives: To call attention to and set an agenda for public health and epidemiology in the face of violence.
Methodology: Analytical and interpretive.
Results: The author analyzes four aspects of present-day violence: assassins, or the professionalization of death (those who receive payment for killing); the disinherited (those deprived of their rights); lynchings and self-imposed justice (social impunity in the face of violence); and a violent social order (political, cultural, and social subversion; the undermining of values). The author analyzes the concept of citizenship in the field of public health and the importance of citizenship in confronting the problem of violence through a network of social relationships. Citizenship is understood as the recognition of rights, responsibilities and duties, active participation in the construction of the collective good, respect for differences, and maturity in the relationship of individual to individual, individual to the state, groups to the state, and individuals to institutions. The author also analyzes violence and its prevention as a public health problem.
Conclusions: It is necessary to connect public health endeavors to a larger set of goals centered on the protection of life in the context of violence.
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