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Examination of the Reliability and Validity of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS) among Jamaican Americans

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/9820

Examination of the Reliability and Validity of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS) among Jamaican Americans

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Title: Examination of the Reliability and Validity of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS) among Jamaican Americans
Author: Palmer, Geoffrey J.
Advisor(s): Rifenbary, Deborah
Committee Member(s): Coffield, Lydia (Gene)
Borden, Allison M.
Verney, Steven P.
Department: University of New Mexico. Division of Individual, Family and Community Education
Subject: Jamaica
Jamaican
Jamaican American
Afro-Caribbean
attitudes toward seeking mental health services
attitudes toward seeking help
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale
ATSPPHS
helping professionals
helping professions
underutilize mental health services
reliability
validity
LC Subject(s): Jamaican Americans--Attitudes
Jamaican Americans--Psychological testing
Mental health services--Utilization--United States
Psychological tests--Validity
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS) among Jamaican Americans. The psychometric properties of the ATSPPHS were investigated to identify its appropriateness of measuring attitudes toward seeking mental health services of this Caribbean population. Ninety four Jamaican Americans completed the ATSPPHS which was developed by Fischer and Turner in 1970, and a demographic information form. An estimate of Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient for the overall ATSPPHS, and the four attitudinal factors were calculated to determine reliability. Principal components analysis was utilized to examine the structure of the factors and validity. An estimated correlation matrix was used to determine facets of both reliability and validity. The estimate of Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient for the overall ATSPPHS with the Jamaican American sample was α = .87. This result represented strong reliability for the overall scores of the ATSPPHS and shared similar findings with Fischer and Turner’s (1970) original standardized population. The principal component analysis revealed only one attitudinal factor differing sharply from Fischer and Turner’s (1970) factor analysis producing four independent factors. Validity of the ATSPPHS was not established with the Jamaican American sample. Implications highlighted the potential for helping professionals to greater serve populations that traditionally underutilize mental health services through a more sophisticated understanding of attitudes toward seeking mental health services. Future research concerning potential barriers to receiving help such as economic influences on culture and characteristics of Afro-Caribbean cultural distinctiveness are recommended.
Graduation Date: July 2009
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/9820


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