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dc.contributor.authorGrieve-Smith, Angus
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-27T21:00:00Z
dc.date.available2009-08-27T21:00:00Z
dc.date.issued2009-08-27T21:00:00Z
dc.date.submittedJuly 2009
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1928/9808
dc.description.abstractMany varieties of French have changed over the years from expressing predicate negation (Geurts 1998) with ne alone, to the embracing construction ne … pas, and then to postverbal pas alone (Jespersen 1917). When the increase in the frequency of ne … pas over time is plotted on a graph, it takes the S shape of the logistic function (Kroch 1989). Bybee and Thompson (1997) note that "the type frequency of a pattern determines its degree of productivity," but "high frequency forms with alternations resist analogical leveling.” These two observations provide an explanation for the logistic progression observed by Kroch (1989). Following Lotka (1925) and Volterra (1926), we can extend this model to take into account the competition between constructions to express the same function. To test these models, I have compiled a corpus of French theatrical texts from the twelfth to the twentieth century. The logistic function accurately models the use of ne … pas in these texts (R2 = 0.899), but the Lotka-Volterra model predicts the post-1600 changes in preverbal ne alone and embracing ne … pas and ne … point with even greater accuracy (r = 0.948 and 0.978).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe University of New Mexicoen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectLinguisticsen_US
dc.subjectFrenchen_US
dc.subject.lcshFrench language--Verb
dc.subject.lcshFrench language--Grammar
dc.titleThe Spread of Change in French Negationen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.description.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.description.departmentLinguisticsen_US
dc.description.advisorAxelrod, Melissa
dc.description.committee-memberCroft, William
dc.description.committee-memberTravis, Catherine
dc.description.committee-memberSchwenter, Scott
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