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Models for electromagnetic coupling of lightning onto multiconductor cables in underground cavities


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/6803

Models for electromagnetic coupling of lightning onto multiconductor cables in underground cavities

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Title: Models for electromagnetic coupling of lightning onto multiconductor cables in underground cavities
Author: Higgins, Matthew
Advisor(s): Christodoulou, Christos
Committee Member(s): Schamiloglu, Edl
Gilmore, Mark
Reda Taha, Mahmoud
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Subject: Mines
Cable Coupling
Multiconductor cables
Electromagnetic measurements
model validation
LC Subject(s): Lightning conductors
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: This dissertation documents the measurements, analytical modeling, and numerical modeling of electromagnetic transfer functions to quantify the ability of cloud-to-ground lightning strokes (including horizontal arc-channel components) to couple electromagnetic energy onto multiconductor cables in an underground cavity. Measurements were performed at the Sago coal mine located near Buckhannon, WV. These transfer functions, coupled with mathematical representations of lightning strokes, are then used to predict electric fields within the mine and induced voltages on a cable that was left abandoned in the sealed area of the Sago mine. If voltages reached high enough levels, electrical arcing could have occurred from the abandoned cable. Electrical arcing is known to be an effective ignition source for explosive gas mixtures. Two coupling mechanisms were measured: direct and indirect drive. Direct coupling results from the injection or induction of lightning current onto metallic conductors such as the conveyors, rails, trolley communications cable, and AC power shields that connect from the outside of the mine to locations deep within the mine. Indirect coupling results from electromagnetic field propagation through the earth as a result of a cloud-to-ground lightning stroke or a long, low-altitude horizontal current channel from a cloud-to-ground stroke. Unlike direct coupling, indirect coupling does not require metallic conductors in a continuous path from the surface to areas internal to the mine. Results from the indirect coupling measurements and analysis are of great concern. The field measurements, modeling, and analysis indicate that significant energy can be coupled directly into the sealed area of the mine. Due to the relatively low frequency content of lightning (< 100 kHz), electromagnetic energy can readily propagate through hundreds of feet of earth. Indirect transfer function measurements compare extremely well with analytical and computational models developed for the Sago site which take into account measured soil properties.
Graduation Date: May 2008
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/6803

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