LoboVault Home
 

Rural Vulnerability and Tea Plantation Migration in Eastern Nepal and Darjeeling

LoboVault

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/3304

Rural Vulnerability and Tea Plantation Migration in Eastern Nepal and Darjeeling

Show full item record

Title: Rural Vulnerability and Tea Plantation Migration in Eastern Nepal and Darjeeling
Author: Besky, Sarah
Subject(s): British India, Kiranti
Limbus, migration
Abstract: This paper will analyze migration from rural eastern Nepal to tea plantations in eastern Nepal and Darjeeling and the potentials such migration might represent for coping with rural vulnerability and food scarcity. I will contextualize this paper in a regional history of agricultural intensification and migration, which began in the eighteenth century with Gorkhali conquests of today’s Mechi region and continued in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries with the recruitment of plantation laborers from Nepal to British India. For many Kiranti ethnic groups, agricultural intensification resulted in social marginalization, land degradation due to over-population and over-farming, and eventual migration to Darjeeling to work on British tea plantations. The British lured Rais, Limbus, and other tribal peoples to Darjeeling with hopes of prosperity. When these migrants arrived, they benefited from social welfare like free housing, health care, food rations, nurseries, and plantation schools – things unknown to them under Nepal’s oppressive monarchal regime. For almost two centuries, Rai and Limbu migration to Darjeeling was an escape from rural poverty and oppression in Nepal, but plantation life introduced them to different forms of inequality.
Date: 2007-09-21
Series: Himalayan Research Papers Archive
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/3304

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
SarahBesky_RuralVulnerability.pdf 103.6Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

UNM Libraries

Search LoboVault


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account