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dc.contributor.authorLing, Xu
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-28T18:27:44Z
dc.date.available2012-08-28T18:27:44Z
dc.date.issued2012-08-28
dc.date.submittedJuly 2012
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1928/21093
dc.description.abstractI devise a numerical method of high order in space (FDMHS) to simulate flow past a finite plate and a semi-infinite plate. The method solves the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation in the stream function-vorticity formulation. The focus is to study a fundamental problem in fluid dynamics, namely, flow past sharp edges. Resolving this flow structure is difficult, in particular at early times. The difficulty is due to the fact that large velocity gradients and vorticity are present in a very thin boundary layer attached to the plate initially. FDMHS is a splitting method, implicit in time and uses compact fourth order finite differences. FDMHS has demonstrated satisfactory performance in our numerical simulations. For the finite plate case, three background flow are used: impulsively started, uniformly accelerated, and oscillating. Resolved computations show structure of the boundary layer separation and roll-up from very early times to relative large times. For the impulsively started, the details of vorticity structure at early times have been studied. We resolved the region of negative vorticity along the plate induced by and entrained into the leading vortex. A secondary entrainment of positive vorticity into the region of negative vorticity is also found. The maximum velocity decays as $t^{-1/4}$ over a large initial time interval. For the uniformly accelerated, we show evolution in the appropriate non-dimensional variables, and find agreement with scaling laws observed in experiments. For the oscillating, we compared the viscous simulation using FDMHS with an inviscid vortex sheet method. Both are in excellent agreement at early times. There are difference at later times. most likely caused by wall vorticity which is not accounted for by the vortex sheet model. The shed circulation is independent of viscosity initially for all three background flows. The effect of viscosity on the vorticity evolution and on quantities such as the shed circulation, core trajectory and vorticity, vortex size and width are also presented. For the semi-infinite plate case, we derived the scaling rule and verified it numerically.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipXsedeen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectflowen_US
dc.subjectplatesen_US
dc.subjectsingular flowen_US
dc.subjectReynolds numberen_US
dc.subjectfourth orderen_US
dc.subject.lcshViscous flow.
dc.subject.lcshVortex-motion.
dc.subject.lcshPlates (Engineering)--Aerodynamics.
dc.subject.lcshNavier-Stokes equations--Numerical solutions.
dc.titleViscous flow past platesen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeMathematicsen_US
dc.description.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.description.departmentUniversity of New Mexico. Dept. of Mathematics and Statisticsen_US
dc.description.advisorNitsche, Monika
dc.description.committee-memberSulsky, Deborah
dc.description.committee-memberLau, Stephen
dc.description.committee-memberVorobiefff, Peter


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