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VERS UNE ECOCRITIQUE POSTCOLONIALE AFRICAINE: L’ENVIRONNEMENT DANS LES LITTERATURES AFRICAINES DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/21058

VERS UNE ECOCRITIQUE POSTCOLONIALE AFRICAINE: L’ENVIRONNEMENT DANS LES LITTERATURES AFRICAINES DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE

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dc.contributor.author Mofin Noussi, Marie Chantale
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-28T16:44:55Z
dc.date.available 2014-05-14T10:00:09Z
dc.date.issued 2012-08-28
dc.date.submitted July 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/21058
dc.description.abstract This work was motivated by two major facts: the African environment is at the heart of the continent’s relationships with colonialism, neocolonialism and globalization; but there is not enough literary emphasis on this environmental centrality. This work contributes in bridging the gap between African Francophone Literatures and the environmental discourses. This dissertation is the literary analysis of the representation, the transformation, and the exploitation of the African environment in the operating policies of colonial, neocolonial and global power structures. These environmental policies in the colonial and current global world tend to mold the African environment in a way that the local populations become alienated from their own land. This work shows how the African environment is subject to the consequences of global power structures, which most often disregard local realities. This study is informed by an interdisciplinary theoretical framework, which includes postcolonialism and ecocriticism. Postcolonial theory is used as a tool to analyze the power relationships between Africa and global actors, especially in the questions of representation of the African environment by the former colonizers, and the resistance of the African people against Western hegemony. This research is built on various ecocritical concepts involving postcolonial realities, for instance “slow violence” and “the environmentalism of the poor” theorized by Rob Nixon, to show the effects (sometimes invisible and yet perceptible) of environmental degradation and in particular of ecological colonialism on the African environment and the local populations. The work also draws on Vandana Shiva’s concept of “monoculture of the mind” to study the colonial project of monoculture as a corollary of the policy of standardization, also known as assimilation. Even though some concepts are borrowed from Western ecocriticism, new notions are defined and developed such as “eco-ubuntu,” which is grounded in African ecological philosophy and translates the interdependency between the members of the planet. Through the analysis of six texts from the Maghreb and Sub-Saharan Africa, this work also aims at highlighting some traits of an African postcolonial ecocriticism. en_US
dc.language.iso fr en_US
dc.subject Ecocriticism - Postcolonial Studies- Francophone Literatures- Africa en_US
dc.subject.lcsh African literature (French) -- History and criticism
dc.subject.lcsh Ecocriticism -- Africa, French-speaking
dc.subject.lcsh Postcolonialism in literature
dc.title VERS UNE ECOCRITIQUE POSTCOLONIALE AFRICAINE: L’ENVIRONNEMENT DANS LES LITTERATURES AFRICAINES DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree French Studies en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department University of New Mexico. Dept. of Foreign Languages and Literatures en_US
dc.description.advisor Putnam, Walter
dc.description.advisor Bishop, Stephen
dc.description.committee-member Cheek, Pamela
dc.description.committee-member Ferguson, Eliza
emb.embargo.terms 2014-05-14


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