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dc.contributor.authorShen, Xian
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-27T21:47:41Z
dc.date.available2012-08-27T21:47:41Z
dc.date.issued2012-08-27
dc.date.submittedJuly 2012
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1928/21004
dc.description.abstractThe objective of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a pharmacists-assisted tobacco cessation program led by New Mexico Pharmaceutical Care Foundation (NMPCF) and to characterize participants’ quitting patterns during the study period. Data from the program from 2004 to 2011 consisting of 1486 participants were combined for analysis. Point prevalence quit rates were calculated and survival analysis was performed to evaluate program effectiveness. A qualitative case study with participating pharmacists was conducted to explore intervention elements that could impact participants’ likelihood of successfully quitting tobacco. Four quitting patterns were defined including immediate quitters, delayed quitters, once quitters, or never quitters. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to identify patient characteristics associated with quitting patterns. The average point prevalence quit rate at 6 months was 18.7%. The average abstinent time was 76.8 days (standard error = 3.59 days). The probability of a patient being continuously abstinent for 7 days was 89.1%, while the likelihood of being abstinent for 30 days and 180 days were 46.0% and 16.5%, respectively. Patients who were under 18 years old, less educated, less dependent on nicotine, and had higher confidence to quit were more likely to be immediate quitters rather than never quitters. Pharmacists are capable of delivering tobacco cessation services. Patients’ likelihood of quitting tobacco depends both on themselves and the intervention they receive. Intensive counseling and close follow-up are important elements of an effective tobacco cessation intervention. Different quitting patterns exist among patients. Patients with different quitting patterns have distinctive characteristics in terms of level of nicotine dependence, pharmacotherapy used, motivational factors and demographic factors. Interventions need to be tailored for patients with different quitting patterns.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjecttobacco cessationen_US
dc.subjectquitting patternsen_US
dc.subjectpharmacistsen_US
dc.subject.lcshSmoking cessation--New Mexico.
dc.subject.lcshNicotine addiction--treatment.
dc.subject.lcshPharmacology.
dc.titleQuitting patterns and success rates of a tobacco cessation program led by New Mexico Pharmaceutical Care Foundationen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePharmaceutical Sciencesen_US
dc.description.levelMastersen_US
dc.description.departmentUniversity of New Mexico. College of Pharmacyen_US
dc.description.advisorRaisch, Dennis
dc.description.committee-memberAnderson, Joe
dc.description.committee-memberBachyrycz, Amy
dc.description.committee-memberRaisch, Dennis


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