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Experimental study of electrostatic aerosol filtration at moderate filter face velocity

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/21001

Experimental study of electrostatic aerosol filtration at moderate filter face velocity

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Title: Experimental study of electrostatic aerosol filtration at moderate filter face velocity
Author: Sanchez, Andres
Advisor(s): Ward, Timothy
Committee Member(s): Canavan, Heather
Hubbard, Joshua
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering
Subject: Aerosol
Electrostatic Filtration
Submicron Particles
Particle Bounce
Neutralization
LC Subject(s): Electrostatic precipitation.
Filters and filtration.
Aerosols.
Degree Level: Masters
Abstract: Electrostatic filtration media (electret) has been used in many applications due to its ability to efficiently collect submicron particles while maintaining a low pressure drop. Filter face velocities have ranged from 0.01-0.5 m/s in previous studies. However, in this study, measurements were conducted from 0.5-2.5 m/s, a region where Reynolds numbers range from 0.05-0.24. Within this regime, commonly used filtration theory is incomplete and does not predict performance of electret media, therefore data must be measured. Experimental measurements were conducted in various combinations of charge and neutralized filter media with aerosolized particles possessing the Boltzmann charge distribution or zero charge. Collection efficiency of the charged FiltreteTM media was significantly higher than the FiltreteTM which had been charged neutralized. As filter face velocity increased, however, collection efficiency decreased in the electret media. As filter face velocity increased for the neutralized media, collection efficiency increased due to inertial impaction. Particle bounce was assumed to occur with particles of aerodynamic diameter ≥ 400 nm. Electrostatic attraction, i.e. Coulombic, polarization and image forces were analyzed based on experimental data. The Coulombic force had the greatest effect on efficiency at all three filter face velocities, followed by the polarization force. The effect of image forces was negligible for all three filter face velocities. This study provides unique empirical data outside of the viscous filter flow regime, data which is useful in the design of, and performance prediction of, high volume commercial and industrial applications, such as HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems. The data presented can be used to “validate” numerical models for filtration at moderate Reynolds numbers where data is scarce for electrostatically charged filtration.
Graduation Date: July 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/21001


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