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dc.contributor.authorPersico, Lyman
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-05T21:50:18Z
dc.date.available2012-07-05T21:50:18Z
dc.date.issued2012-07-05
dc.date.submittedMay 2012
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1928/20863
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation follows the hybrid format as defined by the University of New Mexico’s Office of Graduate Studies. The three chapters were written as manuscripts to be submitted to different peer-reviewed journals. Chapter 1 is submitted to the journal Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. Chapter 2 will be submitted to the journal Climatic Change soon after this dissertation is published. Chapter 3 is already published in the journal Quaternary Research (November, 2011). Chapter 1 explores differences between historical and natural variability in fluvial systems in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. I used beaver-pond and other fluvial deposits as proxy records of beaver occupation to compare historical fluvial activity to that throughout the Holocene. The Holocene record prior to Euro-American activities provides a better indication of the natural range of variability in beaver-influenced small stream systems of the GYE. Chapter 2 focuses on how stream discharge on small streams in the GYE has varied in the 20th century and also during severe drought during the Medieval Climatic Anomaly. Using the Palmer Drought Severity Index as a proxy for summer stream discharge I have concluded that many small streams in the GYE turn ephemeral during the summer months of severe drought years. Chapter 3 explores the role of rock type in hillslope soil formation and slope morphology in the Sandia Mountains of New Mexico. Resistant rock types have a profound impact on slopes by increasing the amount of coarse colluvium that traps and preserves eolian material. Accretion of eolian material along these slopes limits runoff and prevents attainment of a steady-state balance between soil production and downslope transport.en_US
dc.subjectGeomorphologyen_US
dc.subjectClimate Changeen_US
dc.subjectDroughten_US
dc.subjectCastor canadensisen_US
dc.subjectGreater Yellowstone Ecosystemen_US
dc.subjectFluvial Systemsen_US
dc.subjectSoil Geomorphologyen_US
dc.subjectHillslope Processesen_US
dc.subjectSoil Stratigraphyen_US
dc.subjectSoil Productionen_US
dc.subjectSandia Mountainsen_US
dc.subjectNew Mexicoen_US
dc.subject.lcshStream ecology--Yellowstone National park.
dc.subject.lcshBeavers--Ecology--Yellowstone National Park.
dc.subject.lcshClimatic changes--Yellowstone National Park.
dc.subject.lcshSlopes (Soil mechanics)--New Mexico--Sandia Mountains.
dc.subject.lcshRock slopes--New Mexico--Sandia Mountains.
dc.titleFluvial processes, beaver activity, and climate in the greater Yellowstone ecosystem and rock type control on hillslope morphology and soil development in the Sandia Mountains, New Mexicoen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeEarth and Planetary Sciencesen_US
dc.description.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.description.departmentUniversity of New Mexico. Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciencesen_US
dc.description.advisorMeyer, Grant
dc.description.committee-memberMcFadden, Leslie
dc.description.committee-memberWeissmann, Gary
dc.description.committee-memberCoonrod, Julia


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