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dc.contributor.authorHe, Hongbo
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-05T17:48:05Z
dc.date.available2012-07-05T17:48:05Z
dc.date.issued2012-07-05
dc.date.submittedMay 2012
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1928/20830
dc.description.abstractSHW systems are generally expected to last for at least 20 years with little or no maintenance. However, in many cases failures occur far sooner due to a variety of problems, many of which are undetected or detected long after the system has failed because the backup heater silently assumes the heating load. Some of the failures may cause the system to run inefficiently or even damage other system components, such as when a system loses fluid in the solar loop and the pump runs dry, eventually destroying itself. In recent years there has been an increasing demand for SHW systems to become economic and reliable. Fault Detection and Diagnosis (FDD) in SHW systems is an important part of maintaining proper performance, reducing power consumption and unnecessary peak electricity demand. The aim of the current work is to develop anomaly detection system that can reliably detect both anticipated and unforeseen faults and can be implemented in commercial SHW systems without any additional sensors to the ones commonly needed for ordinary system control. Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART)-based neural networks are chosen to perform this task, because the ART-based neural networks are fast, efficient learners and retain memory while learning new patterns. In particular, the ART networks can be incorporated into SHW system controller without any extra sensors and have the capability of an early detection of performance degradation faults. Other benefits of ART-based neural networks are on-line fault detection for its high computational efficiency and no involvement of faulty data for the training process. A testbed for SHW system reliability is developed for the purposes of investigating the fault detection system. The input patterns of the fault detection system are generated from two sensors: collector plate temperature and water tank heat exchanger outlet temperature, which are normally installed in residential SHW systems installed by commercial operators. One of the strengths of the system is that only few data points are needed, meaning that it will not be necessary to instrument SHW systems with additional sensors, something which would not be acceptable in an aggressively competitive industry where reducing costs is paramount. The training data for the fault detection system are generated from a verified SHW system TRNSYS (Transient Systems Simulation) model. The simulation and experimental results show that the ART-based anomaly detection has the capability to accurately and efficiently detect degradation and failure. Faults are detected at various levels depending on their severity. The ART-based anomaly detection can be used for SHW real-time reliability monitoring, as well as, eventually, in larger, more complex systems such as commercial building HVAC systems or subsystems.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSandia National Laboratories.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectreliability, fault detection and diagnosis,adaptive resonance theory, neural networks, solar hot water system, TRNSYSen_US
dc.subject.lcshSolar water heaters--Automatic control.
dc.subject.lcshNeural networks (Computer science)
dc.titleMonitoring and anomaly detection in solar thermal systems using adaptive resonance theory neural networksen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeMechanical Engineeringen_US
dc.description.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.description.departmentUniversity of New Mexico. Dept. of Mechanical Engineeringen_US
dc.description.advisorMammoli, Andrea A.
dc.description.committee-memberMammoli, Andrea A.
dc.description.committee-memberRazani, Arsalan
dc.description.committee-memberVorobieff, Peter
dc.description.committee-memberCaudell, Thomas P.


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