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Le rôle du hammam féminin dans la construction et la consolidation des identités sexuées en Algérie et au Maroc

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20753

Le rôle du hammam féminin dans la construction et la consolidation des identités sexuées en Algérie et au Maroc

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dc.contributor.author Bauwens, Nina
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-02T20:11:35Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-02T20:11:35Z
dc.date.issued 2012-07-02
dc.date.submitted May 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20753
dc.description.abstract The traditional women’s hammam, or public bath, is a key space in the Arabo-Muslim societies of Algeria and Morocco. In those two countries, the division between men and women, still important today, is also noticeable inside the public bath, since men and women do not mingle. The question of gendered identity appears. More than a distinction between sexes, it is a social distinction between a man’s identity and a woman’s identity that is relevant here. It is essential to be able to distinguish to which “group” each person belongs. Thus, the notions of individual identity, and then of gendered identity are significant. The child, who is still viewed as an asexual being, must become aware of his individuality and his gendered identity. In the bath, the little boy fully understands those identities when he is expelled from the hammam (at approximately six years old, in general). Moreover, this closed space also allows the woman to form her own feminine identity and to create a collective, feminine community. However, since the public bath is closed by walls and doors, can it be an emancipation and liberation space for women or does it remain under men’s domination? Thanks to the concept of the panopticon by Michel Foucault and the ideas of resistance and strategy by Michel de Certeau, the hammam appears as an ambivalent space. In the traditional bath, gendered identities are formed, following rules and customs that are still relevant within it, but also thanks to a certain emancipation of the woman who is not surrounded by men. The hammam is a place in which restriction and liberation cooperate. en_US
dc.language.iso fr en_US
dc.subject Hammam, bain traditionnel, bain public, identité sexuée, genre, femmes, construction de l'identité, Algérie, Maroc, traditional bath, public bath, gender, gendered identities, women, constructed identities, Algeria, Morocco en_US
dc.title Le rôle du hammam féminin dans la construction et la consolidation des identités sexuées en Algérie et au Maroc en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree French en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department University of New Mexico. Dept. of Foreign Languages and Literatures en_US
dc.description.advisor Bishop, Stephen
dc.description.committee-member Vallury, Raji
dc.description.committee-member Putnam, Walter


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