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Algorithmic dimensionality reduction for molecular structure analysis

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20179

Algorithmic dimensionality reduction for molecular structure analysis

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Title: Algorithmic dimensionality reduction for molecular structure analysis
Author: Coutsias, Evangelos A.; Brown, W. Michael; Martin, Shawn; Pollock, Sara N.; Watson, Jean-Paul
Abstract: Dimensionality reduction approaches have been used to exploit the redundancy in a Cartesian coordinate representation of molecular motion by producing low-dimensional representations of molecular motion. This has been used to help visualize complex energy landscapes, to extend the time scales of simulation, and to improve the efficiency of optimization. Until recently, linear approaches for dimensionality reduction have been employed. Here, we investigate the efficacy of several automated algorithms for nonlinear dimensionality reduction for representation of trans, trans-1,2,4-trifluorocyclo-octane conformation—a molecule whose structure can be described on a 2-manifold in a Cartesian coordinate phase space. We describe an efficient approach for a deterministic enumeration of ring conformations. We demonstrate a drastic improvement in dimensionality reduction with the use of nonlinear methods. We discuss the use of dimensionality reduction algorithms for estimating intrinsic dimensionality and the relationship to the Whitney embedding theorem. Additionally, we investigate the influence of the choice of high-dimensional encoding on the reduction. We show for the case studied that, in terms of reconstruction error root mean square deviation, Cartesian coordinate representations and encodings based on interatom distances provide better performance than encodings based on a dihedral angle representation.
Date: 2008-08-14
Publisher: North-Holland
Citation: THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 129(064118): 1-13
Description: DOI: 10.1063/1.2968610
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/20179
ISSN: 0021-9606


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