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The impact of folic acid fortification of enriched grains on an elderly population: the New Mexico Aging Process Study

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/1904

The impact of folic acid fortification of enriched grains on an elderly population: the New Mexico Aging Process Study

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Title: The impact of folic acid fortification of enriched grains on an elderly population: the New Mexico Aging Process Study
Author: Sisk, ER; Lockner, DW; Wold, R; Waters, DL; Baumgartner, RN
Subject(s): folic acid
enriched grains
elderly population
New Mexico Aging Process Study
Abstract: Fortification of enriched grains with synthetic folic acid is a potential concern for the elderly population who is at higher risk for Vitamin B12 deficiency. Consuming excess amounts of naturally occurring folate or synthetic folic acid can precipitate a deficiency of Vitamin B12, resulting in neurological damage. The purpose of this study was to determine the increase in folate intake in an elderly population due to the fortification of enriched grains. Three-day diet records of 320 participants (average age 76.8 years) were evaluated for total folate intake from food and supplements before and after the fortification of enriched grains. There was a significant mean daily folate intake increase of 63.8 microg due to fortification (p < 0.0001), raising the intake of total folate to 359 microg (89.8% of RDA). Supplements containing folic acid were consumed by 66% of the participants, raising the average total folate intake of supplement users to 793 microg per day. Only 5 participants exceeded the UL of 1,000 microg folic acid per day, with all 5 of these individuals consuming more than 1,000 microg folic acid per day from supplements alone. Folic acid fortification of grains does not appear to have increased the risk of excess folic acid in this population. r01 ag10149
Date: 2006-09-18
Publisher: Sisk, ER - The journal of nutrition, health & aging
Citation: 2004;8(3):140-3
Description: For full-text go to PubMed, ID: 15129298
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/1904

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