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Oxygen isotope evidence for subduction and rift-related mantle metasomatism beneath the Colorado Plateau-Rio Grande rift transition

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/1877

Oxygen isotope evidence for subduction and rift-related mantle metasomatism beneath the Colorado Plateau-Rio Grande rift transition

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dc.contributor.author Perkins, George en_US
dc.contributor.author Sharp, Zachary en_US
dc.contributor.author Selverstone, Jane en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2006-08-30T02:41:38Z
dc.date.available 2006-08-30T02:41:38Z
dc.date.issued 2006-08-30T02:41:38Z
dc.identifier.citation 151: 633-650 en_US
dc.identifier.other DOI 10.1007/s00410-006-0075-6 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/1877
dc.description.abstract Spinel lherzolite and pyroxenite xenoliths from the Rio Puerco Volcanic Field, New Mexico, were analyzed for oxygen isotope ratios by laser fluorination. In lherzolites, olivine d18O values are high (+5.5 per mil), whereas d18O values for pyroxenes are low (cpx=+5.1 per mil; opx=+5.4 per mil) compared to average mantle values. Pyroxenite d18O values (cpx=+5.0 per mil; opx=+5.3 per mil) are similar to those of the lherzolites and are also lower than typical mantle oxygen isotope compositions. Texturally and chemically primary calcite in pyroxenite xenoliths is far from isotopic equilibrium with other phases, with d18O values of +21 per mil. The isotopic characteristics of the pyroxenite xenoliths are consistent with a petrogenetic origin from mixing of lherzolitic mantle with slab-derived silicate and carbonatite melts. The anomalously low d18O in the pyroxenes reflects metasomatism by a silicate melt from subducted altered oceanic crust, and high d18O calcite is interpreted to have crystallized from a high d18O carbonatitic melt derived from subducted ophicarbonate. Similar isotopic signatures of metasomatism are seen throughout the Rio Puerco xenolith suite and at Kilbourne Hole in the southern Rio Grande rift. The discrete metasomatic components likely originated from the subducted Farallon slab but were not mobilized until heating associated with Rio Grande rifting occurred. Oxygen diffusion modeling requires that metasomatism leading to the isotopic disequilibrium between calcite and pyroxene in the pyroxenites occurred immediately prior to entrainment. Melt infiltration into spinel-facies mantle (xenoliths) prior to eruption was thus likely connected to garnet-facies melting that resulted in eruption of the host alkali basalt. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science Foundation en_US
dc.format.extent 1775 bytes
dc.format.extent 1287072 bytes
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology en_US
dc.subject geochemistry en_US
dc.subject xenolith en_US
dc.subject Rio Grande rift en_US
dc.subject pyroxenite en_US
dc.title Oxygen isotope evidence for subduction and rift-related mantle metasomatism beneath the Colorado Plateau-Rio Grande rift transition en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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