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Jail Incarceration and Violent Crime Rates: A cross-sectional exploratory analysis in Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17456

Jail Incarceration and Violent Crime Rates: A cross-sectional exploratory analysis in Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Title: Jail Incarceration and Violent Crime Rates: A cross-sectional exploratory analysis in Albuquerque, New Mexico
Author: Trujillo, Saundra
Advisor(s): Velez, Maria
Committee Member(s): Lyons, Christopher
Broidy, Lisa
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Sociology
Subject: Jail
Violent Crime
Albuquerque
LC Subject(s): Imprisonment--New Mexico--Albuquerque--Social aspects
Violent crimes--New Mexico--Albuquerque--Social aspects
Crime--New Mexico--Albuquerque--Social aspects
Degree Level: Masters
Abstract: A core idea in the collateral consequences literature is that incarceration stimulates residential instability – a process referred to as coercive mobility – which in turn weakens community social organization and elevates local crime levels. I test this idea with an exploratory cross-sectional analysis of Albuquerque neighborhoods (2000-2001) using a general linear model with a negative binomial response function. Net of rigorous controls I find that jail incarceration increases violent crime rates. Further I find that the positive effect of jail incarcerations on violent crime is weakened at relatively high levels of jail incarceration for majority Latino neighborhoods. Whereas, in non Latino neighborhoods, jail incarceration increases violent crime at relatively low levels of incarceration. By studying jail sanctions which are often shorter and for less serious crimes than prison sanctions, this study is well positioned to provide a broader snapshot of how our expansive criminal justice net has captured residents of many communities for short-term punishment that has long term consequences.
Graduation Date: December 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/17456


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