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Immigration Discourses in the U.S. and in Japan

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13176

Immigration Discourses in the U.S. and in Japan

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Title: Immigration Discourses in the U.S. and in Japan
Author: Torigoe, Chie
Advisor(s): Collier, Mary Jane
Committee Member(s): Oetzel, John
Rodriguez, Ilia
Allen, Ricky Lee
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Communication and Journalism
Subject: immigration discourse
racism
U.S.
Japan
discursive psychology
positioning
racialized social system
LC Subject(s): Racism--United States--Psychological aspects
Racism--Japan--Psychological aspects
Race discrimination--United States--Psychological aspects
Race discriminatin--United States--Psychological aspects
Discursive psychology
Emigration and immigration--Social aspects
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate how systems of racial inequality and dominance produced at macro-institutional level discourses are reproduced and/or challenged in micro-interpersonal everyday discourses regarding immigration/foreign workers in the U.S. and in Japan. To establish a link between the discourses at these two levels, I employed a combination of critical and interpretive theoretical perspectives, and analyzed how racial ideologies were reproduced and/or challenged through participants’ use of various interpretative repertoires (i.e., discursive themes and specific rhetorical moves therein) and positioning of self and Others. Interpretative repertoires and discursive positioning of self and Others are major analytical frameworks of discursive psychology that were developed by Wetherell and Potter (1992), and I employed their discursive psychological analysis as the methodology for this study. The present study included 14 pairs of self-identified white Americans in the U.S. and 17 pairs of self-identified Japanese in Japan. I provided each pair with a discussion guide and asked the participants to record their 30-60 min long private conversations regarding immigration/foreign worker issues using the discussion guide that I provided. The analysis of the participants’ interpersonal discourses demonstrated the existence and significance of the dialectical relationship between macro and micro level discourses regarding racial ideologies. In addition, the juxtaposition of discourses of countries with different historical and sociopolitical contexts indicated the importance of taking historical and sociopolitical contexts into account to understand the process of reproducing systems of inequalities and dominance. Although similar discursive patterns were recognized, such as erasure of race and positioning of positive-self and negative-Others, the analysis showed that different backgrounds provide unique kinds of interpretative repertoires as resources to maintain and/or challenge dominant racial ideologies. The present results imply that successive studies on racialized discourses about immigration/foreign workers in the U.S. and Japan are necessary. Given the rapidly changing immigration policies and racial dynamics in the U.S. and Japan, it is important to track the reproduction of systemic racism and changes over time.
Graduation Date: July 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13176


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