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dc.contributor.authorRoybal, Karen R.
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-31T16:16:19Z
dc.date.issued2011-08-31
dc.date.submittedJuly 2011
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1928/13166
dc.description.abstractThe southwestern United States has an exceptional history that makes the region a prime focus for study concentrating on culture, tradition, language and land. As an area closely tied to the concept of conquest, the Southwest has had its share of issues related to colonization, imperialism, Manifest Destiny, and cultural erasure. This study focuses on the Southwest as a region that is closely linked to the land as it relates to the formation of identities of its people. Mexican Americans in the Southwest have historically experienced struggle, particularly after 1848 and the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, when native Californios, Nuevo Mexicanos, Tejanos and others were thrust into American citizenship without many of the benefits afforded other citizens. They were also at the center of a battle for their land—land that was highly contested as the ideological concept of Manifest Destiny promoted the idea of westward expansion and takeover of “undiscovered,” “unclaimed,” and “virgin lands.” This study provides a comparative analysis of Hispana/Mexicana testimonios herederas, a concept I use to identify the shared, or inherited, history of women’s struggle and resistance across historical contexts. The specific testimonios examined develop from the cultural production of María Amparo Ruiz de Burton, Jovita González, Fabiola Cabeza de Baca and Eva Antonia Wilbur-Cruce. By using an interdisciplinary approach, this dissertation demonstrates the diverse range of historical materials that can be used in academic research related to Hispana/Mexicana land-related struggles. These include ethnographic, autobiographic, historical, and literary materials, all of which help to re-imagine traditional conceptions of identity, gender, history, and culture. The hybrid methods employed by the Hispanas/Mexicanas reveal what Chicana feminist Emma Pérez (1999) calls the “third space[s],” where social, individual and community commentary emerge(s). This study demonstrates that women were active agents in land struggles long before the Chicano movement and Chicana identity politics. Specifically, it suggests that female agency was present in the fight for land in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries across the Southwest, in California, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The analysis demonstrates that the women do not follow dominant narratives despite their social status as elites. This action indicates that, as a whole, Hispanas/Mexicanas pushed back, forcing contemporary scholars to acknowledge that regardless of class level, they actively engaged in the land struggle early on.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAndrew W. Mellon Foundation, University of New Mexico Land Grant Studies Program, Hispanic Women's Councilen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectLanden_US
dc.subjectGenderen_US
dc.subjectPoliticsen_US
dc.subjectIdentityen_US
dc.subjectSouthwesten_US
dc.subjectCultureen_US
dc.subjectAutobiographyen_US
dc.subjectTestimonioen_US
dc.subjectFeministen_US
dc.subjectNineteenth Centuryen_US
dc.subjectTwentieth Centuryen_US
dc.subjectCaliforniaen_US
dc.subjectTexasen_US
dc.subjectNew Mexicoen_US
dc.subjectArizonaen_US
dc.subjectMaria Amparo Ruiz de Burtonen_US
dc.subjectJovita Gonzalezen_US
dc.subjectFabiola Cabeza de Bacaen_US
dc.subjectEva Antonia Wilbur-Cruceen_US
dc.subjectHistoryen_US
dc.subjectHybriden_US
dc.subjectEliteen_US
dc.subjectTestimonios herederas
dc.subject.lcshLand tenure--Southwest, New--History--19th century
dc.subject.lcshLand tenure--Southwest, New--History--20th century
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American women--Social conditions--History--19th century
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American women--Social conditions--History--20th century
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American women--Economic conditions--History--19th century
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American women--Economic conditions--History--20th century
dc.titleLand, Gender, and the Politics of Identity Formation: Uncovering Hispana/Mexicana Voices in the Southwesten_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeAmerican Studiesen_US
dc.description.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.description.departmentUniversity of New Mexico. Dept. of American Studiesen_US
dc.description.advisorMelendez, A. Gabriel
dc.description.committee-memberAleman, Jesse
dc.description.committee-memberTrujillo, Michael L.
dc.description.committee-memberDiaz, Rose
emb.embargo.terms2017-07-31
emb.embargo.lift2017-07-31


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