LoboVault Home

Computational Methods in Natural Resource Economics: Agent-Based Modeling and Hotelling's Rule


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13136

Computational Methods in Natural Resource Economics: Agent-Based Modeling and Hotelling's Rule

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Dixon, David S.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-31T15:16:18Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-31T15:16:18Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-31
dc.date.submitted July 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1928/13136
dc.description.abstract This dissertation presents a prototype model and methodology for validating a simple agent-based model against the basic Hotelling monopoly model and a few basic extensions. Hotelling's Rule identi es the expected behavior of a market for a nonrenewable resource. The statement is simple - marginal profit will increase at the prevailing rate of interest - but the implications are far-reaching and not broadly understood. Agent-based modeling is a computer modeling and simulation methodology. It has its origins in biology and physics, but has become a powerful tool in the social sciences for examining systems in which the well-understood behaviors of individuals result in unanticipated outcomes. Validation of the basic Hotelling monopoly model is a necessary step in wider acceptance of agent-based modeling as a predictive and analytical tool in natural resource economics. An agent-based model is a valid predictive tool if, given rules to express preferences, it is possible to predict the large-scale outcomes of the choices made by individuals over time. An agent-based model is a valid analytical tool if it provides a means to explore the behaviors that lead to known results, much like nonlinear regression. This simple agent-based model is found to be valid for the basic Hotelling monopoly model. The agent-based model is validated with caveats for the Hotelling monopoly model with extensions to include basic production technologies. The caveats are based on small deviations, the magnitudes of which depend on the specific form of costs associated with a production technology. It is argued that those deviations are not unlike the deviations that a human would make. An extension of the Hotelling monopoly model to a small oligopoly exhibits emergent cooperation-like properties, despite the absence of explicit interagent communication. Depending on the number of producers and the initial distribution of resource stocks, the behavior is either collusion-like or Cournot-like. The Cournot-like outcome occurs when only some of the producers lower production, resulting in a rise in the market price, which causes the other producers to experience a Hotelling's Rule increase in marginal profit without reducing their own production. This continues at each time step, so that the latter producers maintain a constant, higher production level while the others continue to decrease production. The outcomes of the agent-based models are reassessed with the costs previously arising from production technologies replaced by taxes associated with fiscal policies. Each fiscal regime is evaluated in terms of its efficacy and the unintended consequences of the policy. The policy goals examined are preservation for future generations, internalization of externalities (Pigouvian taxation), and revenue generation. This comparison uses data from the agent-based models, examining agent error as one of the unintended consequences of fiscal policy. The basics of agent-based modeling are presented. This methodology is suited to problems in which the immediate preferences of the agents can be stated as equations or rules but complexity in their interactions with the environment or each other make predicting the outcomes difficult. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Nonrenewable Resources en_US
dc.subject Hotelling's Rule en_US
dc.subject Agent-Based Modeling en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nonrenewable natural resources--Econometric models
dc.subject.lcsh Multiagent systems
dc.title Computational Methods in Natural Resource Economics: Agent-Based Modeling and Hotelling's Rule en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Economics en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department University of New Mexico. Dept. of Economics en_US
dc.description.advisor Chermak, Janie M.
dc.description.advisor Grimsrud, Kristine
dc.description.committee-member Krause, Catherine
dc.description.committee-member Cullen, Bradley T.

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Dixon_Dissertation_Final1.pdf 2.540Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

UNM Libraries

Search LoboVault


My Account