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RECOGNIZING INDIANS: PLACE, IDENTITY, HISTORY, AND THE FEDERAL ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE OHLONE/COSTANOAN-ESSELEN NATION

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/11106

RECOGNIZING INDIANS: PLACE, IDENTITY, HISTORY, AND THE FEDERAL ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE OHLONE/COSTANOAN-ESSELEN NATION

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Title: RECOGNIZING INDIANS: PLACE, IDENTITY, HISTORY, AND THE FEDERAL ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE OHLONE/COSTANOAN-ESSELEN NATION
Author: Laverty, Philip Blair, 1969-
Advisor(s): Field, Les W.
Committee Member(s): Rodriguez, Sylvia
Dinwoodie, David W.
Connell-Szasz, Margaret
Leventhal, Alan M.
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Anthropology
Subject(s): Indians of North America
California
Monterey Bay
Ohlone/Costanoan-Esselen Nation
Federal Acknowledgment
John Peabody Harrington
Ethnohistory
Place
Identity
Land tenure
Place-names
Colonization
Archaeology
Ethnography
Cultural Resource Management
Cultural Anthropology
Government relations
Esselen
Costanoan
Ohlone
Spanish Period
Mexican Period
History
Cultural geography
Isabel Meadows
Rudy Rosales
Mission San Carlos
Carmel
Monterey
Carmel Valley
Big Sur
LC Subject(s): Ohlone Indians--Government relations
Esselen Indians--Government relations
Monterey Bay (Calif.)--History
Ohlone Indians--Land tenure
Esselen Indians--Land tenure
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: Long considered “extinct,” in 1992 the Ohlone/Costanoan-Esselen Nation (OCEN) began its bid to achieve federal acknowledgment as an American Indian tribe. This dissertation is a study of the history of the Native peoples of the Monterey Bay region and the current recognition efforts of OCEN. Using ethnographic and ethnohistorical methodologies and the fieldnotes of John Peabody Harrington as a key archive, it focuses on social and cultural aspects of identity change and community persistence, particularly in relation to land and place. It explores contemporary understandings of precontact political organization as they presently affect the Esselen Nation in the context of Cultural Resource Management archaeology. Histories of land tenure and labor under Spanish, Mexican, and American colonization are reviewed to better understand the Esselen Nation’s current federally unacknowledged status. This dissertation looks closely at Native place-names and place-worlds and the ways in which they change. Theoretical concerns regarding anthropology, Indian identity, and federal acknowledgment are explored. Further described are residential communities and cultural practices along with difficulties the Esselen Nation experienced while organizing for recognition and negotiating the petition process.
Graduation Date: July 2010
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/11106

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