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Nuclear Family Conflict and Cooperation among Tsimane' Forager-Horticulturalists of Bolivia

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/10350

Nuclear Family Conflict and Cooperation among Tsimane' Forager-Horticulturalists of Bolivia

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Title: Nuclear Family Conflict and Cooperation among Tsimane' Forager-Horticulturalists of Bolivia
Author: Stieglitz, Jonathan
Advisor(s): Kaplan, Hillard
Committee Member(s): Lancaster, Jane
Winking, Jeffrey
Gangestad, Steven
Gurven, Michael
Department: University of New Mexico. Dept. of Anthropology
Subject(s): parent-offspring conflict
spousal violence
Tsimane
time allocation
LC Subject(s): Chimane Indians--Psychology
Chimane Indians--Time management
Nuclear families--Psychological aspects
Parent and child
Spouse abuse
Degree Level: Doctoral
Abstract: Household production is the result of inputs from a variety of members, each of whom contains overlapping but non-identical interests. This dissertation explores the conditions under which the division of labor and the allocation of household resources precipitates parent-offspring and spousal conflict. This broad goal is addressed through three specific goals: 1) to identify factors affecting variation in the likelihood of task delegation to children and resistance toward performing delegated tasks; 2) to understand how variation in household labor demand influences children’s time allocation, considering ways in which behavioral manipulation might compromise the child’s future prospects; and 3) to understand the causes and consequences of men’s diverted investment in offspring. Common to each of these issues is the recognition that individuals often face a trade-off between investing in ego- versus family-directed pursuits, and that the costs and benefits of familial investment will change in response to specific individual and familial circumstances. Taken together, results show that at times self-interest pervades relations of even the closest of kin. This highlights a need for the development of models of family behavior that incorporate children and parents as effective decision-makers capable of influencing outcomes with respect to converging and diverging goals.
Graduation Date: December 2009
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/10350

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