Now showing items 2161-2180 of 20980

  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0009. 

    Herbert Knup
    Zebu cattle (a Brahma subspieces imported from India during the colonial period and interbreed) grazing in the arid sertão or hinterland in the Northeast. In order to supply the coastal sugar states, urban centers and later ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0010. 

    Herbert Knup
    The Serra dos Órgãos near the city of Rio de Janeiro forms part of the Serra do Mar mountain range, which runs parallel to the coast in most of the Southeast. This range and the Serra da Mantiqueira and do Espinhaqo, served ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0011. 

    Herbert Knup
    View of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais with the church of Nossa Senhora do Carmo on the hilltop. After years of frustration, gold and precious stones were found by the late Seventeenth century in the region that became known as ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0012. 

    Herbert Knup
    Statues of the biblical prophets in the courtyard of the church of Senhor Bom Jesus do Matozinhos in Congonhas, Minas Gerais, carved by the Brazilian baroque master, Antônio Francisco de Lisboa or Aleijadinho (the Little ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0013. 

    Herbert Knup
    Mature coffee trees on one of the many plantations in southeastern Brazil. With the decline of mining at the end of the Eighteenth century, discouraged settlers moved to other areas in southern Minas Gerais and in the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0014. 

    Herbert Knup
    Photographs of a Nineteenth century coffee plantation family. Coffee was initially planted in Rio de Janeiro and southern Minas Gerais, especially in the Paraiba river valley, and depended on slave labor. When the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0015. 

    Herbert Knup
    Coffee beans ripening. The state of Sao Paulo's fertile terra roxa (red earth; derived from weathering of diabase or basic igneous rock) proved ideal for coffee because of its porosity and mineral content. Bringing the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0016. 

    Herbert Knup
    Once the coffee beans are ripe they are handpicked and sifted as this woman is doing.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0017. 

    Herbert Knup
    The coffee beans are then washed and left to dry in the sun before they are further dried and have their outer shell removed by machine. On this plantation in southern Minas Gerais, the beans are taken from clay court (in ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0018. 

    Herbert Knup
    Roasting coffee beans by hand over a wooden stove. Today this process is undertaken in large industrial factories where once the beans are roasted they are packaged or in some cases ground.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0019. 

    Herbert Knup
    Drinking a cafezinho (a small cup of strong coffee) is a daily must for most Brazilians, who often do not restrict themselves to just one serving.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0020. 

    Herbert Knup
    A Nineteenth century train still running from Sao João del Rei to Tiradentes, two towns in Minas Gerais. By the late Nineteenth and into the Twentieth century, coffee plantations spread to northern and western Sao Paulo ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0021. 

    Herbert Knup
    An industrial area in the northern district of the city of Sao Paulo. To protect themselves against the fluctuation of the price of coffee, the Paulista coffee barons invested in manufacturing.
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0022. 

    Herbert Knup
    A Mannesmann steel mill in Minas Gerais. The coffee boom of the early Twentieth century provided the Brazilian government with the necessary resources to take advantage of its vast natural resources and begin to industrialize, ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0023. 

    Herbert Knup
    The casa grande or casardo (main house) was the center of attention on the coffee plantation, from where the plantation owner or caretaker directed the daily operations. Many casardes rivaled the mansions of wealthy European ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0024. 

    Herbert Knup
    An elegant mansion built in the early Twentieth century. As several of the Sao Paulo coffee barons began to diversify their investments into manufacturing and a rising class of entrepreneurs developed, they moved to the ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0025. 

    Herbert Knup
    Old men of various ethnic origins chatting in the plaza in downtown Sao Paulo. By 1890, Sao Paulo was only the fourth largest city with a little more than 60,000 inhabitants, compared to Rio de Janeiro's half million. With ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0026. 

    Herbert Knup
    View of a modern coffee plantation in southern Minas Gerais, complete with metal silos and other modern machinery. Although Brazil remains the world's largest coffee exporter, the product is responsible for less than 10% ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0027. 

    Herbert Knup
    A boia fria ("cold meal eater," referring to the meal that these seasonal workers prepare in the early morning which is already cold when they eat it later) during lunch time. Much of the labor force on the coffee plantations ...
  • [2009-03-02] Brazil Slide Series: Collection Sao Paulo, Slide No. 0028. 

    Herbert Knup
    A rubber tree being tapped for its latex sap near Santarém, Pará. The sudden international demand for rubber beginning in the 1870s generated great interest in the Northern region of Brazil, but it was short lived. By ...